Essay on Hiring Process and Ethical Standards

2 Hiring and Ethics

Considering the case discussed above, it might have been theoretically possible to prevent harassment lawsuits by simply not hiring those who may need special protection. However, ethical management implies first and foremost making sure that the workforce will be diversified and that hiring decision-making will be based only on professional criteria. This section will shortly describe several key issues regarding the expectations from managers in this issue. Continue reading

Essay on Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

1 Harassment in the Workplace

The concept of harassment in the workplace describes several offensive behaviors, often with exploitation of power differences and/or with discriminatory background. The harassment may be limited to one event or involve bullying throughout a long period of time. Although this section focuses on sexual harassment, which is the most known form of workplace harassment, it is imperative to understand that any other form of aggressive behavior, in particular physical acts, should be treated as severely as sexual harassment. Most importantly, harassment is not only a violent act, but also represents discrimination in the workplace. Continue reading

Fiedler’s Contingency Theory of Leadership Essay

Fred E. Fiedler’s Contingency Theory, dated back to the 1960s, is a highly popular, though controversial, theory of leadership. As discussed below, Fiedler’s ideas are important from two major reasons: First, they provide a systematic and quantifiable measurement to the construct of leadership. Second, the theory describes the necessary managerial actions, which allow the minimization of any discrepancies between the manager as a leader and the situation in which the leadership is deployed.

Broadly speaking, Fiedler’s unique view on leadership is impressive by its ability to define three grounds for the understanding of leadership and their contextual frameworks: Continue reading

Essay on Ethical Behavior in Organizations

1 Introduction

In its simplest sense, an organization’s ethical behavior can be measured through the comprehensiveness of its formal ethical standards and the extent to which the workforce (in particular executives) adherence to those rules and policies. Ethics, however, is anything but simple, and its behavioral aspects relate to a wide array of personal external and internal factors. Moreover, since numerous case studies have shown a frequent significant discrepancy between an organization’s moral and ethical codes and the actual conduct of its employees, one must observe the behavior of the individual in order to find the true level of ethics and work integrity in a given department of line of business. Continue reading

Gang Violence and Crime Essay

Gangs of aggressive and violent young offenders, terrorize neighborhoods in more than three-quarters of American large cities (Snyder & Sickmund, 2006). These collectivities attract only a third of high-risk youth, but their members account to about 80% of the serious delinquencies among minors (ibid.). Thus, although juvenile violence and crime can be linked to inferior socioeconomic conditions and racial issues, it is clear that gangs nurture young offenders towards lives of crime. The aim of this short report is threefold:

First, it will briefly describe several characteristics of gang violence through two recent gang-related cases. Second, it will discuss the conflicts between these cases and generally accepted social norms. Finally, it will indicate the sources that set those norms and thus have the ability to define gang violence as an abnormal social conduct. Continue reading

Essay on Organ Transplantation in Singapore

Facing certain death without kidney transplantation, many people will do anything in their ability to find a donor and to carry out the operation. For many patients, an organ from a deceased-donor is an adequate solution; others, however, require a kidney from a living donor, whose consent to donate the organ and to bear the risks involved in such a procedure is their only chance for survival.

This medical situation arises several ethical and social dilemmas, all of which are related to the inequality of healthcare among the socioeconomic layers of modern society. Chong & Khalik (2008) illustrate how socioeconomic differences affects one’s access to medical services in contemporary Singapore through the story of Tang Wee Sung, a retail tycoon who was charged for trying to buy a kidney. Continue reading

Google’s Organizational Behavior Essay


The theoretical and practical thinking about Organizational Behavior (OB) is based on the assumptions that since people are the main asset of an organization, their behavior is decisive for its success or failure. Hence, OB advocates maintain that human behavior must be studied and managed more than any other aspect of the organization.

The study of OB is predominant in management science, shaping decisions largely beyond human resources management. This paper will focus on several key issues in OB and will examine how those aspects can be observed by using a real-life example: the Internet giant Google Inc. Continue reading

Essay on Caterpillar’s Corporate Social Responsibility

The view on the social corporate responsibility used to be based on the idea that the financial success is the basis of social and economic progress of society and business was seen as the engine of this economic growth. As a result, main goal of businesses was considered as making profit, and making profit was enough to be considered to be socially responsible. However, by the middle of 20th century, people have noticed, that by making profit companies produce devastating side effects for society. Trying to achieve economic growth, corporations damage environment and created discrimination and inequality among various social groups. As a result, in the United States in the 1960s appeared a movement toward increasing social involvement of firms. The society expects companies to be a part of the community in which they exist and to act responsibly. However, this trend does not change the main economic goal of the companies – they are still expected to make profit. One of the main challenges for Caterpillar was to maintain profitability and at the same time to be socially responsible. Continue reading

Essay on Theories of International Relations: The Realist School of Thought


Most theories of International Relations (IR) fall in one of three categories, namely the realist, liberal of social school of thought. This paper aims to explain the nature of the realist theories; a pessimistic view on human nature, which, broadly speaking, stresses the importance of power struggles in IR phenomena.

In addition to providing an overview over the common assumptions that underlie this school of thought and describing its key theories, I argue that the realist school is an anachronistic approach, which hinders the efforts toward stability. My thesis is suggested by analysing the manner in which several international events would have been perceived by advocates of the realist approach; furthermore, I will indicate some possible risks that are involved with this kind of approach toward IR. Continue reading

Research Paper on Business in Turkey

1. Participation in cross-national cooperation and agreements, regional trading blocks, FTAs and other forms of international economic integration.

Turkey is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and currently holds a two-year seat on the UN Security Council until 2010. It is also a member of all major international organizations, including the G-20, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and complies with its duties as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO). Most importantly, Turkey is trying to join the European Union (EU), until now unsuccessfully. It first applied to the EU’s predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1959, and concluded an association agreement in 1963, which mostly referred to cooperation in trade tariffs, but indicated a prospective membership in the Union at some unspecified date (Togan, & Hoekman, 2005). Continue reading